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About JARE (Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition)

To explore systems and dynamics of the earth and space

Japan commenced its scientific activities in Antarctica in 1956, which was marked by the voyage of “Soya” with the 1st Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) on board. This project was a part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), and Japanese Syowa Station was established on Ongul Island in Antarctica in 1957. Since then, Japan has performed various observations at Syowa Station and the surrounding areas, and resulted in outstanding scientific outcome such as findings of ozone hole and Antarctic meteorites, recovery of climate change in the past through analyses of ice core, understanding of aurora generation mechanism, unexpected finding of puzzling ecosystems in Antarctic lakes, and findings of evidence of Gondwana, etc.

After the current “Japanese Antarctic Research Project Phase VIII” expires at the end of fiscal year 2015 (FY2015), the next six-year scheme, “Japanese Antarctic Research Project Phase IX”, will start from FY2016. Within this scheme, a project entitled “Global changes and movements on Earth system through Antarctic observations” has been launched as the main theme of the Prioritized Research Project for Phase IX, and we are aiming to promote advanced scientific research from a global view of the Earth and space by combining other research categories, including the ordinary research projects, explanatory research projects, monitoring, and routine observations. The project is also designed to meet social demands and international research trends with respect to global environmental issues.

Hamuna Icefall (Photo: Iuko TSUWA, JARE51)

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